Council on Energy, Environment and Water Integrated | International | Independent

Developing an Ecosystem to Phase Out HFCs in India

Establishing a Research and Development Platform

Shikha Bhasin, Lekha Sridhar, Vaibhav Chaturvedi
September 2017 | Sustainable Cooling

Citation: Bhasin, Shikha, Lekha Sridhar, and Vaibhav Chaturvedi. 2017. Developing an Ecosystem to Phase Out HFCs in India: Establishing a Research and Development Platform. New Delhi: Council on Energy, Environment and Water.


Within the ambit of the Montreal Protocol, India drew immense attention to address technological and systemic gaps to build the required ecosystem for phasing out HFCs in India. The Government of India’s national initiative of a collaborative research and development programme aims to create an ecosystem that allows industries, and the country, to move along a pathway that is climate friendly and resource efficient, without impeding economic growth or constraining economic interests.

Building on our previous research on HFCs that identified the need for R&D as well as the Government of India’s ambitious targets for a transition to low-GWP refrigerants, this report highlights the relevance of, and presents an institutional design for a dedicated multi-stakeholder R&D platform to address India’s domestic concerns and to meet its international commitments for the phasing out of HFCs. The report was released by Mr Gyanesh Bharti, Joint Secretary, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) and Mr Amit Love, Joint Director, Ozone Cell during the ‘Roundtable on Phasing Down HFCs in India: Building an R&D Ecosystem and Addressing Servicing Sector Challenges’, organised by The Council and Shakti Sustainable Energy Foundation on 3 October 2017 at India Habitat Centre, New Delhi.

Source: Pixabay

The primary objective of the Platform would be to facilitate the phase-out of HFCs in India by supporting R&D and the adoption of alternatives. Its mission would be to facilitate technical R&D for India and build the larger “innovation ecosystem” that is required by recommending standards, application testing, consumer-incentive programmes, and similar supporting aspects for low-GWP HFC alternatives. This would be achieved through active engagement with all relevant stakeholders as members of the RDP. The Platform would be a one-stop authority for all matters related to HFC alternatives and the requirements for replacing HFCs in India, with the following activities being undertaken collaboratively:

  • Facilitating basic research.
  • Facilitating and encouraging applied research.
  • Facilitating technology testing facilities.
  • Recommending standards for usage, performance, and safety.
  • Recommending policies for market integration and low-GWP refrigerant usage.
  • Suggesting consumer-based programmes.
  • Functioning as a knowledge and information clearing house.
  • Encouraging stakeholder interactions.
  • Supporting linkages between industry, R&D institutions, and policy makers.
  • Recommending skill development and training programmes, and.
  • Any other related programme or aspect deemed necessary for the adoption of low-GWP refrigerants in place of HFCs.
This report highlights the relevance of, and presents an institutional design for a dedicated multi-stakeholder R&D platform to address India’s commitment for phasing out of HFCs.

Sign up for the latest on our pioneering research

Explore Related Publications