Rudresh Sugam, Bhawna Gupta, Diticha Deka
June 2018 | Sustainable Water
Sugam, R., Gupta, B. and Deka, D. (2018) Dying Traditional Water Bodies in India Struggling to Survive against Unplanned Development. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 10, 539-558.
This study, conducted in India’s Meerut district, analyses the status of traditional water bodies as other water sources have been severely polluted. Meerut is used as a representative sample for the tier-II cities and towns in India. The study involved field-based research with an on-ground survey using GPS, GIS mapping and water quality testing of 120 ponds, distributed across 12 blocks of Meerut district to acquire a practical understanding of the status of these water bodies. The researchers also undertook informal discussions with around 500 residents to understand their perception of the declining status of traditional water bodies. The paper outlines the steps necessary for the protection of these water bodies.
Indian government should on priority start:
More than 50% of water bodies are severely polluted (with dissolved oxygen below 5mg/l) and total dissolved solids (more than 100 NTU). Fecal contamination was observed in all the ponds that were analyzed.