Pallav Purohit, Markus Amann, Gregor Kiesewetter, Vaibhav Chaturvedi, Peter Rafaj, Poonam Nagar Koti, Zbigniew Klimont, Jens Borken-Kleefeld, Adriana Gómez Sanabria, Wolfgang Schöpp, Robert Sander
March 2019 | Clean Air
Suggested Citation: Purohit, Pallav , Markus Amann, Gregor Kiesewetter, Vaibhav Chaturvedi, Peter Rafaj, Hem H. Dholakia, Poonam Nagar Koti, Zbigniew Klimont, Jens Borken-Kleefeld, Adriana Gómez Sanabria,Wolfgang Schöpp, and Robert Sander. 2019. Pathways to Achieve National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) in India. New Delhi: Council on Energy, Environment and Water.
This study, in collaboration with the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), examines India’s National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS), existing policies and emission control measures aimed at curbing air pollution, factors contributing to air pollution across the country, and future pathways towards meeting NAAQS over the coming decades. The study also highlights the exposure of citizens to high levels of PM 2.5 across various parts of the country and suggests the need to adopt advanced emission control technologies along with a low-carbon growth model.
A large share of India’s population is exposed to pollution levels that do not conform to global and national air quality standards. Exposure to air pollution poses a serious health burden to India. Available health impact assessments suggest that several hundred thousand cases of premature deaths annually are attributable to air pollution. While existing emission control measures could help improve air quality in the short-term if implemented effectively, a more decisive, detailed, and long-term action plan would be needed to control emissions linked to India’s rapid economic growth in the coming decades.
Source: IIASA-CEEW analysis, 2019