Nitin Bassi, Saurabh Kumar, M. Dinesh Kumar, Sofie Van Ermen and Paul Campling
July 2022 | Sustainable Water
Suggested Citation: Bassi, Nitin, Saurabh Kumar, M. Dinesh Kumar, Sofie Van Ermen, and Paul Campling. 2022. Promoting Wastewater Treatment in India: Critical Questions of Economic Viability. Water and Environment Journal. https://doi.org/10.1111/wej.12810
This research study highlights the importance of undertaking an economic viability assessment along with a cost-effectiveness analysis in order to determine the sustainability of the wastewater treatment schemes (WTS). The analysis shows that the direct benefits from treated wastewater are unlikely to be high in most situations in India due to the lack of demand for it. For the investments in WTS to be sustainable, the study suggests considering and quantifying the indirect benefits of treated wastewater reuse, which include public health benefits due to the protection of drinking water sources, environmental benefits due to maintenance of aquatic life, and improvement of soil health.