Arunabha Ghosh, Nandini Harihar, Prayank Jain
March 2023 | International Cooperation
Suggested citation: Ghosh, Arunabha, Nandini Harihar and Prayank Jain. 2023. "Balancing the Urgent and the Important: Whither Multilateralism and Collaboration in the G20?" In A World in Crisis, A World in Progress – Growing Better Together, edited by Tetsushi Sonobe, Nicolas J. A. Buchoud, Riznaldi Akbar, Riatu Mariatul Qibthiyyah and Bayarbileg Altansukh, 98 - 108. Tokyo: Asian Development Bank Institute.
For the second year in a row, the world has not progressed much on its sustainable development goals (SDGs). Implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development requires mainstreaming SDGs into the wider work of the G20. To be resilient against future crises, the G20 countries must better assess risks, anticipate shocks, and set an agenda that can balance the urgent (situational crises) as well as the important (vision and governance for the future).
This chapter analyses three key research questions based on past G20 presidencies (2016-2021) to highlight where the G20 has been effective, where it has lacked, and what more needs to be done. The chapter also evaluates the role of think tanks in anticipating risks and offers solutions to tackle ineffective collaboration between the T20 (Think20) and the G20.
Has multilateralism via the G20 sufficiently supported the implementation of the SDGs?
Table 1: Assessing multilateralism for achieving the SDGs in G20s Summits (2016–2021)
What is the scope of climate action with a development agenda at the G20?
Table 2: Assessing the linkages between climate and development in G20 Summits (2016–2021)
Can think tanks in the G20 become better at anticipating risks and offer governance options?