July 2018 | Energy Transitions
Suggested Citation: Agrawal, S., A. Jain A. 2018. "Sustainable deployment of solar irrigation pumps: Key determinants and strategies." WIREs Energy Environ, e325. https://doi.org/10.1002/wene.325.
This journal paper identifies and discusses fourteen key determinants of the economic viability, social acceptability, and environmental sustainability of solar irrigation pumps (SIPs). SIPs have emerged as a promising technology to expand irrigation access and are being deployed rapidly across several developing countries. Despite of rising interest in SIPs, understanding about their sustainable deployment and use remains limited. Drawing from the best practices and experiences in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, this paper recommends ways to incorporate sustainability concerns in policies and programmes for deployment of SIPs.
Groundwater depletion is a major problem in several countries of Asia. More than 60 per cent of irrigated land in India relies on groundwater resources, with levels decreasing across most parts of the country. Given below are key determinants for successful adoption of solar pumps: