February 2019 | Energy Transitions
Suggested Citation: Smith, Kirk R., Abhishek Jain. 2019. “Household Energy Transition in India and Elsewhere: The Role of LPG” In Energising India: Fuelling a Billion Lives, edited by Shreerupa Mitra, 48-72. New Delhi: Rupa.
This paper, published in Energising India: Fuelling a Billion Lives, discusses how gaseous fuels such as LPG can facilitate the clean energy transition at the household level in the short term. While the authors acknowledge that a suite of technologies needs to lead the household energy transition in the long term, the paper highlights the key lessons from the LPG programme in India and three other middle-income countries – Brazil, Indonesia and China.
In the Indian scenario, while part of the population has moved to modern sources of energy such as natural gas and electricity, others are stuck using traditional fuels such as biomass. This results in a double health risk from modern forms of air pollution such as coal-fired power plants as well as household air pollution, primarily in poor rural conditions. The conditions are similar in a number of other low and middle-income countries. The paper also tracks the different phases of the LPG programme in India.
Source: Jain et al 2018