Suggested citation: Tyagi, Akanksha, Neeraj Kuldeep, and Madhura Joshi. 2021. Employment potential of emerging renewable energy technologies: Insights from the floating solar industry. New Delhi: Council on Energy, Environment, and Water; Natural Resources Defense Council; and Skill Council for Green Jobs.
This issue brief explores the employment potential across project deployment cycles in the Floating Solar Photovoltaic (FPV) sector, an area that presents India with immense opportunities for its clean energy transition. Based on surveys and interviews with manufacturers, developers and engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) service providers, it generates insights on operation strategies, organisational structure and employed workforce at a project level. It also makes several recommendations to aid the growth of FPV technology in India.
To capture the employment potential of the sector, the brief divides the deployment of FPV solar projects into four stages: Business Development, Design and Pre-Construction, Construction and Commissioning (including the manufacturing of PV modules, floats and other equipment), and Operation and Maintenance. The data was collected from two small-scale (<1 MW) capacity projects – one near Mumbai, and another at Kochi airport – and one mid-scale (<10 MW) capacity project near Vishakhapatnam.
Location: Mudasarlova Reservoir, Vishakhapatnam, Capacity 2 MW
Source: CEEW and NRDC analysis
A small-scale FPV plant (capacity <1 MW) directly employs 58 workers while a mid-scale (capacity <10 MW) plant 45, over the course of their deployment.