Suggested citation: Zhu, Mengye, Vaibhav Chaturvedi, Leon Clarke, Kathryn Hochstetler, Nathan Hultman, Adrien Vogt-Schilb, and Pu Wang. 2023. Bridging the Global Stocktake Gap of Climate Mitigation: A Framework to Measure Political Economy Progress. One Earth 6, September 15, 2023. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oneear.2023.08.015
The first Global Stocktake (GST), culminating at the 28th Conference of Parties (COP28), aims to measure the collective progress in climate action and enhance ambition for meeting Paris Agreement goals. This paper provides an indicator framework for assessing the political economy — which explores how interactions among actors, their interests, and underlying institutions shape political and economic outcomes — of mitigation progress. The framework includes 16 key indicators across five dimensions of national ambition, institutional arrangements, stakeholders and interests, policy effectiveness, and public opinion. The paper also demonstrates the framework’s feasibility for the US, China, and India India — the world’s three most populous countries and largest carbon emitters — as per the latest data availability.