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India Residential Energy Survey (IRES)

India Residential Energy Survey (IRES)

The India Residential Energy Survey (IRES) 2020 is the largest pan-India survey on energy access and consumption patterns in Indian households. The survey covers 14,850 households from 152 districts in the 21 most populous states. The surveyed states together account for 97 per cent of the Indian population.

Conducted in collaboration with the Initiative on Sustainable Energy Policy (ISEP), IRES survey collected nearly 4 million data points through a rigorous data collection process during 2019-20. A team of 154 enumerators (one-third of them females), 40 supervisors and 20 managers conducted the survey in 11 Indian languages: Assamese, Bangla, Hindi, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Oriya, Punjabi, Tamil, Gujarati, and Telegu. The questionnaires were administered between November 2019 and March 2020.

IRES provides detailed information about the state of electricity and cooking energy access, energy consumption and expenditure patterns, equipment characteristics for major end-uses (cooking, lighting, space cooling, heating, entertainment, etc.), appliance purchase behaviour, and awareness about star labels and energy conservation behaviour among Indian households.